Someone might assume that a heart attack or cardiac arrest is something you only need to worry about when you’re older. But sorry to say, heart problems are all too common in younger men. After accidents (such as car crash), heart disease is the second most common killer of men between the ages of 35 and 44. In men 45 to 54 years old, it’s number one.
In fact, you are never too young to start thinking about this. The American Heart Association recommends that people start heart disease prevention at the age of 20.
In the future, the odds are about one in three that you will die of cardiovascular disease. So why not try to put it away as long as possible – or prevent it altogether?
What are the heart attacks and cardiac arrest?
Do you know the difference between a heart attack and cardiac arrest?
The cause of a heart attack (or myocardial infarction) is pretty easy to understand, it is essentially a plumbing problem. The heart is a pump that circulates the blood throughout your body, but like all pumps, it needs an energy supply to work, in this case, a flow of blood with oxygen and nutrients.
Sometimes the arteries that feed the heart called the coronary arteries get clogged with a combination of fats, clotted blood, and other stuff. Suddenly if a blood clot blocks a clogged artery, the heart stops getting the fuel it needs, the cells start starving and dying, and the pump stop working.
Cardiac arrest is different from a heart attack is a plumbing problem, cardiac arrest is electrical. The heart is triggered to beat with regular electrical impulses. But if these electrical impulses become uneven causing an irregular heartbeat called an arrhythmia the pump may not work properly. When you see TV doctors shouting “Clear!” and shocking a flat-lining patient with paddles, they are dealing with cardiac arrest. They are trying to electrically jolt the heart back into the correct rhythm. When it is critical, cardiac arrest is known as “sudden cardiac death.”
How a heart attack or cardiac arrest can be prevented?
Heart attack and cardiac arrest can be prevented by avoiding clots and the build-up of plaque in your arteries called atherosclerosis. If the blood keeps flowing smoothly through your body, your risks of having problems are much lower.
Plaque builds up slowly, it accelerates around the age of 50 to 60. But you can reduce the build-up if you do the thing listed below:
- Exercise: At least half an hour daily
- Eat healthily: Eat fruits and vegetables more than unhealthy fats
- Lose weight: If you are overweight
- Quit Smoking: Smoking creates plaque 2 to 4 times more than unhealthy food
- Reduce Stress: Emotional or mental stress.