Gynaecological cancers are the ‘silent’ type of cancer because of their different types of symptoms that can be mistaken for other conditions. But first we should know something about it, so let start.

What are Gynaecological Cancers?

Cancers of the female reproductive system which occurs when abnormal cells grow in an uncontrolled way are known as Gynaecological Cancers.

What are the types of it?

There are five types of cancers whom name is given respectively to the organs of the body where they develop, which are listed below:

  1. Ovarian cancer: It affects the ovaries.
  2. Uterine cancer: It begins in the main body of the uterus.
  3. Cervical cancer: It begins in the cervix.
  4. Vaginal cancer: It begins in the vagina.
  5. Vulval cancer: It begins in the vulva.

There are some other types of cancers like fallopian tube cancer and placenta cancer (pregnancy-related cancer).

What are the symptoms of gynaecological cancer?

Some symptoms of cancer depend on the position of the tumour, the size of the tumour and how fast it is growing. Some symptoms that may cause gynaecological cancer include:

  • Persistent or abnormal bleeding e.g. Bleeding after menopause or which I not a part of the menstrual periods, bleeding after sex.
  • Unusual vaginal discharge.
  • Pain, pressure or discomfort in the abdomen.
  • Swelling of the abdomen
  • Change in bowel or bladder habits.
  • Pain during sex
  • Itching, burning or soreness
  • Lumps, sores or wart-like growths.

What are the factors that are the risk factor for gynaecological cancer?

Any factor that is associated with the increasing chance of developing a particular health condition can be a risk factor for that. There are various types of risk factors, in which some can be modified and some cannot.

It should be noted that one or more risk factor does not mean that a woman is going to develop gynaecological cancer. Many of the women have at least one risk factor but they will never develop gynaecological cancer, while other with cancer may have had no risk factor at all. It is not necessary that if a woman has any risk factor, that risk factor will contribute to the development of her disease.

Some of the risk factors include:

  • Age
  • Family history of cancer
  • Gene mutation
  • Reproductive history
  • Excessive hormones
  • Viral infection
  • Lifestyle factor

How can One Find Out About Gynaecological Cancer?

There is a number of tests which is involved in testing gynaecological cancer, such as:

  • Physical examination
  • Pap smear
  • Blood test
  • Ultrasound or CT scan
  • Biopsy of tissue

What are the treatments for Gynaecological Cancer?

The treatment of gynaecological cancer depends on the stage, type and condition of cancer and women health. Treatment mainly involve the removal of the tumour via surgery. Other major treatments involve procedures like Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy and some hormonal therapies.


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